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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

shorten this war. Truman succeeded Roosevelt and the Teheran con-
cessions were succeeded by others. Questioned at a Press Conference
on June 13, the new President stated that America had not changed its
attitude regarding Poland, but the Russians certainly had ... At that time
Truman's special envoys were acting in Moscow and London and, as a
result of their negotiations, Stalin agreed to renew the work of the Com-
mission of Three in Moscow, the price being Washington's connivance
with Moscow's action against the Polish Government. The invitations
were sent by the American and British Governments to certain persons
in Poland. Two well-known names were mentioned—Bishop Sapieha
of Cracow and Witos, the leader of the Peasant Party. They both,
however, refused to participate, although the latterJs name was used
afterwards on every occasion by Soviet propaganda^ accompanied by the
explanation that he was too ill to take an active part in politics.
On July 13, Churchill stated in the House that, apart from the afore-
mentioned persons., invitations had been sent to Mikolajczyk and c others '
to participate in the Moscow conference with the Commission of Three,
in order to discuss whether or not the Lublin Government should be
broadened. It meant that Britain and America were agreeing to further
conversations despite the fact that the fate of those fourteen Polish leaders
was still unknown. It was therefore a tacit acknowledgement of Russia's
intentions that the future Polish Government was not to be a new one,
but merely a broadened ' Lublin Committee/ although, from the state-
ments of the American and British politicians, it was obvious that they
still held the view that this Government was to be established by a Commis-
sion of Three.
Moscow had played her cards perfectly—Mikolajczyk was now, it
seemed, effectively influenced—the trial of the Underground leaders was
timed for June 18, in order to coincide with the commencement of the
discussion with the delegates for the revision of the Polish Government.
In the event of any resistance from Mikolajczyk, he could very easily be
placed in the dock alongside his previous colleagues in the Government—
already Lublin claimed that documents establishing his guilt had been
discovered and reminded him that the leaders then on trial had not only
been active during his time of office as Premier, but some of them were
members of the Peasant Party as well.
The Commission of Three was brushed aside—Bierut raised the point
that this affair of the future Government for Poland should be settled
among the Poles themselves, and that further interference of foreign
ambassadors would constitute a ' humiliation * to the national honour of
the Poles. When Mikolajczyk, as a British nominee, had finally given in,
betrayed his former colleagues in the Cabinet and in his Party and sub-
ordinated himself to the Russians, Bierut informed the Commission
of Three that the Poles had achieved agreement between themselves
and had formed the Polish Provisional Government. Thus London
471